Tabriz (Persian: ‎تبریزpronounced [tæbˈriːz] ( )Azerbaijaniتبریز ,Tәbriz ) is the most populated city in North West of Iran,[2] one of the historical capitals of Iran, and the present capital of East Azerbaijan Province. Tabriz is located in an elevation of 1,350 meters from sea level in Quru River valley between the long ridge of the volcanic cone of Sahand and Eynali mountain. The valley opens up into plain that gently slope down to the eastern shores of Lake Urmia, 60 kilometres (37 miles) to the west. With cold winters and temperate summers the city is considered a summer resort.

Tabriz has a population of 1,545,491. [3] Tabriz is a major hub for automobile, machine tools, refineries and petrochemical, textile, and cement production industries.[4]It is also a major academic and cultural center in north west of Iran.

Tabriz has a long turbulent history with its oldest civilization sites which dated back to 1,500 B.C. It contains many historical monuments representing the transition of Iranian architecture in different historical timelines. However most of the preserved historical sites in the city are dated back to the IlkhanidSafavid, and Qajarperiods,[5][6][7] among them is the large Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex which is inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 2010