Zanjan

“Zenjan” redirects here. For the village in Isfahan Province, see Zenjan, Isfahan.
Zanjan
زنجان
زنگان
Zanjan profile.jpg
Official seal of Zanjan
Seal

Zanjan is located in Iran

Zanjan
Zanjan
Coordinates: 36°40′N 48°29′ECoordinates: 36°40′N 48°29′E
Country Iran
Region3
ProvinceZanjan
CountyZanjan
BakhshCentral
Government
 • MayorHabibullah Yeganeh
 • ParliamentWaqfchi & Ahmadi
Elevation1,638 m (5,374 ft)
Population (2012[1])
 • Total388,796 & 486,495
 • Rank20th in Iran
City & County
Time zoneIRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST)IRST (UTC+4:30)
Websitewww.Zanjan.ir

Zanjan (About this sound pronunciation [2] Persian: زنجان, Azerbaijani: زنگان, Zәngan, Zәncan) is the capital of Zanjan Province in Iranian Azerbaijan. It lies 298 km (185 mi) north-west of Tehran on the main highway to Tabriz and Turkey and approximately 125 km (78 mi) from the Caspian Sea. The city is located about 20 kilometers south of the Qaflankuh Mountain Range. At the 2011 census, its population was 386,851, which is the 20th largest city in Iran. The population of Zanjan consists mostly of Iranian Azerbaijanis who speak the Azerbaijani language.[3]

Zanjan is known for its beautiful handcrafts such as knives, traditional sandals, called charoogh, and malileh, a handcraft made with silver wires. Zanjani artists make many things like various decorative dishes and their special covers as well as silver jewelry. In ancient times, Zanjan was known for its stainless and sharp knives. But this tradition is gradually becoming extinct by introduction of Chinese-made knives into the market which are far cheaper, more abundant and of course less artistic[citation needed]. Many villagers today are traditional carpet weavers, perhaps Zanjan’s most popular handcraft. Zanjan’s population boasts the highest level of happiness among the people of 30 other provinces in Iran, according to a detailed survey conducted by Isna.[4]